Ethiopian ICT Policy and Strategy

The Ethiopian Government has made the development of Information and communications technology one of its strategic plan priorities. ICT in Ethiopia at present is at the early stage of development. The major indicators pointing to the low level of ICT Development are:

  1. The absence of appropriate legal and regulatory frameworks.
  2. Limitations in telecommunications infrastructure and low level of internet services penetration.
  3. Lack of organized data and information resources, and poor accessibility to those that exist.
  4. Lack of skilled human resources coupled with low ICT literacy.
  5. Under developed private sector.

These constraints present the Government with real challenges, but also opportunities, for all accelerated development of ICT in Ethiopia. Thus, the Government of Ethiopia recognizing the importance of Information and Communication Technology development has adopted this ICT policy and strategy.

The ICT policy covers knowledge and information as a tool for development & ICT as a sector or industry. Apart from being as enabler of socio-economic development, ICT also supports Ethiopia's on-going process of democratization and good governance. The major areas of ICT application in the area of democratic governance include on-going programs such as civil service reform, justice reform and decentralization. ICT promotes democratic governance by enabling all citizens to participate in the political process as well as have access to global knowledge and information. Thus , the goal of the government is to ensure that all citizens have equal and equitable access to government services and to knowledge and information. Hence , the Government has a commitment to accelerate the development of ICT in order to strengthen the on-going process of sustainable development and poverty reduction as well as good governance and democratic system.

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(Draft) The National Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Policy and Strategy